Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs receive
the Nobel Prize for Medicine on October 12, 1992.

Edmond FischerOn October 12, 1992, Edmond H. Fischer (b. 1920) and Edwin G. Krebs (b. 1918) of the University of Washington School of Medicine receive the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their discoveries in the 1950s concerning "reversible protein phosphorylation." Scientists worldwide have drawn on the work for a vast spectrum of research on cellular processes. They share the $1.2 million prize.

Edwin G. KrebsKrebs was a professor in Pharmacology and Biochemistry and Fischer was a professor in Biochemistry. Their work helped researchers better understand such things as diabetes; how the rejection of transplanted organs is prevented; Alzheimer's disease; why certain cancers develop; and how the body mobilizes sugar to produce energy.

The Nobel Prize was established in the will of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) for annual awards to men and women who confer the greatest benefit on humankind in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace.

Rebecca Hughes, "After The Prize," Columns, March 1998,